Diabetic Eye Care In
Diabetes patients need adequate diabetic vision care to prevent severe eye damage and vision loss. At Buena Vista Optometry, we are your diabetes vision care experts. Over the years, we have been recognized to provide excellent, compassionate diabetic eye care to patients of all ages.
“We work with a team of experienced, competent, qualified optometrists who are dedicated to offering quality eye care services which will help improve or maintain your vision. No matter the severity of your diabetic eye condition, we can help manage it. No wonder we are the preferred option for patients all over that require precise vision care for diabetes.”
Our eyes are one of our most valued senses. Any issue with the eye can make life uncomfortable and unbearable. One of the major eye diseases that affect diabetic patients is Diabetic Retinopathy.
Diabetic Retinopathy is an eye disease which affects the retina of the eye. It is caused when high blood sugar damages the small blood vessels and nerves in the eye. Once the blood vessels are damaged, blood begins to leak, thicken, and clot.
Eventually, the retina will be affected, thus, causing macular edema. Over time, the retina will lose its blood supply. New, deformed blood vessels will be created. The new blood vessels will bleed, thus, causing impaired vision, retinal detachment, and hemorrhages. Also, the vessels will prevent fluid from flowing through the eye.
Unfortunately, the symptoms of the eye disease are not noticeable until they become complicated and cause serious eye damage. Therefore, a routine eye exam for diabetes is important to be able to diagnose Diabetic Retinopathy at its early stages. Some symptoms include:
- Distorted or blurred vision
- Reading difficulties
- Light flashes in your field of vision
- Partial or complete loss of vision
- Pain and discomfort in the eye
If you notice any of these symptoms, speak to your eye doctor immediately. You need adequate vision care for diabetes to improve your vision and prevent eye damage.
The surgical procedure is referred to as vitrectomy. The eye doctor will recommend this procedure if the patient has retinal detachment or hemorrhage. A surgical treatment procedure may also be the alternative if laser treatment does not work.
During the surgical procedure, the gel-like substance in the eye will be drained out. Thus, any leftover blood or scar tissue can be easily cleaned. Next, the vitreous fluid will be replaced with a substitute fluid.
Laser treatment is referred to as laser photocoagulation. In the laser treatment procedure, the laser will be applied to seal the leaking vessels. By doing this, the swelling in the retina will be reduced. The amount of treatment required for the patient will depend on the type and severity of your Diabetic Retinopathy. However, if you respond to treatment fast, you may not require many sessions.
Hi, this is Dr. Ranjeet Bajwa from Buena Vista Optometry in Ventura, California and I wanted to talk to you today briefly about diabetes. Approximately 30 million Americans or about 11 percent of the population unfortunately between the ages of 20 - 79 suffer from diabetes. 90 percent of those individuals have type 2 diabetes which is a disease where the pancreas either is not responding enough by producing enough insulin or the body's become resistant to insulin. Both can unfortunately do complications, not only overall in the body but particularly for your eyes. The people that we talk about who are at highest risk for having this are people that have had the disease for a longer period of time. Unfortunately for our Hispanic population if you've had the disease type 1 or type 2 for 15 years or more you're at about a three times higher risk for a diabetic retinopathy or complications in the back of your eye. Unfortunately we also know that our Pacific Islanders Native Americans is an African-American population is also at a higher risk for developing diabetes.
Now when we talk about diabetes it can actually lead to about anywhere between 12 and 24,000 cases of blindness per year due to complications of the eye related to diabetes. Among some of the symptoms you may experience if you're suffering from diabetes include a variety of things but primarily floaters in your vision, spots that you may see. You can also have fluctuations in your vision where things are clear and then blurry over the course of the day or the week. Some patients report shadows in their vision blurred or distorted vision, sometimes double vision or eye pain and of course glare caused by cataracts related to diabetes.
When we talk about the complications that we see when you come in for your annual comprehensive eye exam for a diabetic patient and the blood sugar changes we can start to see leakage of blood into the back of the eye. We see deposits of blood and blood protein and you can also see swollen areas of the retina and correlate with a lack of oxygen coming to those tissues. If this is happening and that's happening on a chronic basis there will be structural changes to the eye. Of the most serious form we talked about diabetic macular edema and this is when the very central portion of your retina, the area called the macula you think of it like your bull's eye. That area can start to swell due to some of the ch anges due to diabetes. The tricky thing about this is from a patient's perspective you may not really notice very much of a change in your vision when you come in and you see your optometrist for a dilated diabetic eye exam we can see changes that might indicate that there is potentially a threat to your vision that may lead to blindness.
Beyond that we talk about extensive amounts of bleeding that occur in the back your eye it can put you at risk for developing new blood vessels which is what we call proliferative diabetic retinopathy. These new blood vessels unfortunately tend to leak even more they can leak into the vitreous jelly part of your eye leading to a hemorrhage that can really affect your vision it can also lead to a retinal detachment by pulling the retina off the back of the eye, also leading to permanent blindness. As this continues to occur we can get more of those new blood vessels starting to form in the front portion of your eye. When they start to form towards the front of your eye near your iris we can see that there's a higher risk for developing neovascular glaucoma or a type of glaucoma related to diabetes.
All these things can potentially be prevented or at least minimized and when you come in for your annual comprehensive eye exam it's one of the things that we really stress for all of our patients even well-controlled type 1 or type 2 diabetics. They should come in on a yearly basis to see their eye care specialists like an optometrist to have a comprehensive eye exam to make sure any of these complications, if found can be relayed to your doctor and tighter blood sugar control can possibly be achieved. When your body gets a little bit better control of its blood sugar all of those changes that we talked about if caught early on can regress and go away and keep you with good functional vision. Again this is Dr. Bajwa from Buena Vista Optometry in Ventura, California. If you have any questions that you would like answered please feel free to reach out on our web site or on Twitter at @DrRajBaj with the hashtag #askaneyedoctor before just talking to you again soon. Bye bye.
As diabetes begins to affect your eyes, you will notice swelling, watery eyes, and blurry vision. Once you observe any of these, see your eye doctor immediately.
During the initial stages of diabetic retinopathy, patients are generally asymptomatic. That is, no signs will be noticed. However, during the later stages of the disease, the patients may begin to experience the following symptoms:
- Floaters: Spots or dark strings floating
- Fluctuating vision
- Impaired color vision
- Blurred vision
- Dark spots in your vision
- Vision loss.
Diabetes or high blood sugar damages the small blood vessels and nerves in the eye. When this occurs, blood vessels leak into the center of your eye, thicken, and clot. This will cause blurred or impaired vision, retinal detachment, and hemorrhages.
Diabetic retinopathy cannot be cured. However, the eye condition can be managed through effective treatment procedures. These treatments include surgery (vitrectomy) and laser treatments. With this, you can preserve your vision and reduce the possibilities of vision loss.
High blood sugar usually causes the lens of the eye to swell, thus, affecting your vision. Blurred vision can also be a symptom of other serious eye issues.
Having blurred vision as a diabetic patient shows that your diabetes is not under control. When the level of sugar in your blood remains high for a long period, bodily water accumulates in the lens. Hence, the lens will start swelling. However, if you can get your blood sugar level back to normal, the swelling will go away totally about six weeks later.
Get A Diabetic Eye Exam Today!
Do you have diabetes? Don’t wait until you’re beginning to experience blurred vision or black spots before you see your eye doctor. Visit our diabetic vision care center in today. The optometrists at Buena Vista Optometry are competent with eye exams for diabetes. By making use of our state-of-the-art eye equipment, they can recognize your diabetic eye disease.
Schedule an appointment with us today. Our experienced eye doctor, Dr. Ranjeet Bajwa and Dr. Steve Langsford, will be available to speak with you and discuss your treatment options. An amazing experience awaits you.